Effect of Emotional Intelligence and Self-concept on Academic Performance: A Systematic Review of Cross-Cultural Research


  • Zartashia Kynat Javaid Lecturer, Department of Applied Psychology, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan Author
  • Muhammad Mubashar BS Applied Psychology, Government College University/DHMS, Al-Sehat Homeopathic Medical College, Faisalabad, Pakistan Author
  • Dr. Khalid Mahmood Associate Professor, Department of Applied Psychology, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan Author
  • Alina Noor BS Scholar of Applied Psychology, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan Author
  • Nida Javed BS Scholar of Applied Psychology, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan Author
  • Kalsoom Akhtar BS Scholar of Applied Psychology, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan Author
  • Amara Liaqat Ali PhD Scholar, School of Applied Psychology, University Utara Malaysia Author




Emotional Intelligence, Self-concept, Academic performance, Systematic review


The current study explores the role of emotional intelligence and self-concept in construction of academic performance between students over different countries. The purpose of this study is to investigate that which method or instruments are used to collect and analyze the data also age range of the samples. Further, in this research we also analyzed the nature of constructs. Systematic review on 15 studies is included. This review has analyzed how relationship between emotional intelligence, academic performance and self-concept is measured, which research designs are used and what is concluded from these studies. Findings have revealed that in most studies self-concept and emotional intelligence is used as independent variable whereas academic performance is used as dependent variable. Mostly MSCIT, TMMS-24 and Self-concept scale were used in studies. Quantitative research design was employed in most of studies. The studies revealed that emotional intelligence and self-concept has a great influence on academic performance of students. Females have better academic self-concept and emotional intelligence (EI) as compared to males. But males show more emotional clarity and repair as compared to women. Improving self-concept and EI, academic stress in students can be modified. By enhancing academic performance, self- concept can also be enhanced. Moreover, self-concept of students is also influenced by any type of disabilities such as motor disability or giftedness. As the students with such disabilities show unique performance in academics. This research is beneficial for understanding the effect of emotional intelligence and self-concept on academic performance. 


Abdullah, A. H., Julius, E., Suhairom, N., Ali, M., Abdul Talib, C., Mohamad Ashari, Z., ... & Abd Rahman, S. N. S. (2022). Relationship between Self-Concept, Emotional Intelligence and Problem-Solving Skills on Secondary School Students’ Attitude towards Solving Algebraic Problems. Sustainability, 14(21), 14402.

Ali, A. A., Mahmood, K., Javaid, Z. K., & Athar, M. (2024). Conflict resolution, psychological well-being and marital satisfaction among spouses of working people. Pakistan Journal of Law, Analysis and Wisdom, 3(2), 183–191.

Ali, A. L., Javaid, Z. K., Mahmood, K., & Batool, A. (2024). Perceived parenting styles in relation with coping strategies among the children of single parents in Pakistan. Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Research, 4(1), 1773-1781.

Al-Tameemi, R. N., Johnson, C., Gitay, R., Abdel-Salam, A. G., Al Hazaa, K., BenSaid, A., & Romanowski, M. H. (2023). Determinants of poor academic performance among undergraduate students—A systematic literature review. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 4

Bailey, J. A. (2003). Self-image, self-concept, and self-identity revisited. Journal of the National Medical Association, 95(5), 383.

Bușu, A. F. (2020). Emotional intelligence as a type of cognitive ability. Revista de Științe Politice. Revue des Sciences Politiques, (66), 204-215.

Casino-García, A. M., Llopis-Bueno, M. J., & Llinares-Insa, L. I. (2021). Emotional intelligence profiles and self-esteem/self-concept: An analysis of relationships in gifted students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(3), 1006.

Cizakca, M. (2024). Understanding the Determinants of Foreign Trade Volume in Turkiye: An Empirical Analysis. Journal of Business and Economic Options, 7(1), 19-28.

Cutrona, C. E., & Russell, D. W. (1987). Advances in personal relationships: a research annual. JAI Press.

Emeke, E. A., Adeoye, H. A., & Torubeli, V. A. (2006). Locus of control, self-concept and emotional intelligence as correlates of academic achievement among adolescents in senior secondary schools in Oyo state.

Ferrando, M., Prieto, M. D., Almeida, L. S., Ferrándiz, C., Bermejo, R., López-Pina, J. A., ... & Fernández, M. C. (2011). Trait emotional intelligence and academic performance: Controlling for the effects of IQ, personality, and self-concept. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 29(2), 150-159.

García-Martínez, I., Augusto-Landa, J. M., León, S. P., & Quijano-López, R. (2023). Pathways between self-concept and academic stress: the role of emotional intelligence and personality among university students. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 47(2), 182-196.

Gull, M., Javaid, Z. K., Khan, K., & Chaudhry, H. A. (2023). Improving healthcare for substance users: The moderating role of psychological flexibility on stigma, mental health, and quality of life. International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare.

Hasan, T., & Sadat, A. (2023). Dynamics of Job Satisfaction in Bangladesh's Banking Sector Implications for Employee Engagement and Organizational Success. Journal of Business and Economic Options, 6(4), 33-39.

Herrera, L., Al-Lal, M., & Mohamed, L. (2020). Academic achievement, self-concept, personality and emotional intelligence in primary education. Analysis by gender and cultural group. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 497689.

Ibrahim, M., & Rasheed, A. (2024). Exploring the Link Between Customer Relationship Management and Hotel Performance. Journal of Policy Options, 7(1), 1-10.

Javaid, Z. K., Akram, D., Fatima, S. M., Ahmad, J., & Hafeez, H. (2024). Investigating emotional experiences of music listeners: Impact on psychological well-being. Harf-O-Sukhan, 8(2), 494-501.

Javaid, Z. K., Andleeb, N., & Rana, S. (2023). Psychological perspective on advanced learners’ foreign language-related emotions across the four skills. Voyage Journal of Educational Studies, 3(2), 191-207.

Javaid, Z. K., Chen, Z., & Ramzan, M. (2024). Assessing stress causing factors and language related challenges among first year students in higher institutions in Pakistan. Acta Psychologica, 248, 104356.

Javaid, Z. K., Fatima, S., Sehar, & Sohail, M. F. (2024). Correlates and dimensionality of moral injury in combat veterans around the globe: A systematic review. Pakistan Journal of Law, Analysis and Wisdom, 3(5), 93–129.

Javaid, Z. K., Ijaz, S., Latif, E., & Azam, S. (2024). A qualitative study on student-teacher interaction: Student engagement and teacher feedback. International Journal of Contemporary Issues in Social Sciences, 3(2), 1670–1683.

Javaid, Z. K., Ikram, L., Aleem, M., Ishaq, I., & Arshad, M. (2024). Investigating role of family violence in intergenerational transmission of abusive parenting: A qualitative study. Jahan-e-Tahqeeq, 7(2), 512-528.

Javaid, Z. K., Mahmood, K. (2023). Efficacy of expressive writing therapy in reducing embitterment among university students. Pakistan Journal of Law, Analysis and Wisdom, 2(02), 136-145.

Javaid, Z. K., Mahmood, K., & Ali, A. A. (2023). Mediating role of mindfulness between quality of life and workplace stress among working women. Journal of Workplace Behavior, 4(1), 68-80.

Javaid, Z. K., Naeem, S., Haroon, S. S., Mobeen, S., & Ajmal, N. (2024). Religious coping and mental well-being: A systematic review on Muslim university students. International Journal of Islamic Studies and Culture, 4(2), 363-376.

Kamran, M., Iqbal, K., Zahra, S. B., & Javaid, Z. K. (2023). Influence of parenting style on children’s behavior in Southern Punjab, Pakistan. IUB Journal of Social Sciences, 5(2), 292-305.

Karim, A., & Said, F. (2024). Discussion on Malaysia’s Globalization Journey From Resource-Based Economy to Global Player. Journal of Business and Economic Options, 7(1), 29-38.

Landa, J. M. A., López-Zafra, E., del Carmen Aguilar-Luzón, M., & de Ugarte, M. F. S. (2009). Predictive validity of perceived emotional intelligence on nursing students’ self-concept. Nurse Education Today, 29(7), 801-808.

Liem, G. A. D. (2019). Academic performance and assessment. Educational Psychology, 39(6), 705–708.

Lumbantobing, R. (2020). The relationship between self-concept and emotional intelligence. In 1st International Conference on Education, Society, Economy, Humanity and Environment (ICESHE 2019) (pp. 69-74). Atlantis Press.

Maciver, D. J. E., & Kebbi, D. J. A. (2018). Emotional intelligence self-concept and academic performance of senior secondary school students in Warri metropolis, Delta State, Nigeria, Implication for counseling. Academic Discourse. An Internal Journal, 10(1), 135-142.

Márquez, P. G. O., Martín, R. P., & Brackett, M. A. (2006). Relating emotional intelligence to social competence and academic achievement in high school students. Psicothema, 18, 118-123.

Munir, Q., Akram, B., & Abbas, S. A. (2024). Understanding Stock Price Dynamics with Dividend-Related Metrics and Financial Indicators in Pakistan’s Non-Financial Sectors. Journal of Business and Economic Options, 7(1), 1-9.

Namadi, S. (2023). Strategic Management of Outsourcing Balancing Profitability and Cost Control in Corporate Operations. Journal of Business and Economic Options, 6(4), 26-32.

Nudzor, H. (2023). From Flames to Fortune Improving Fire Risk Management in the Case of Ghana. Journal of Business and Economic Options, 6(4), 7-11.

Odochi, N. I., & Okigbo, E. C. (2021). Emotional intelligence and academic self-concept as predictors of secondary school students’ achievement in mathematics Imo State. AJSTME, 6, 174-184.

Palloan, P., Usman, U., & Hakim, A. (2021). The influence between self-concept and emotional intelligence on the ability of physics problem solving. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 17(1), 31-39.

Parker, J. D., Summerfeldt, L. J., Hogan, M. J., & Majeski, S. A. (2004). Emotional intelligence and academic success: Examining the transition from high school to university. Personality and individual differences, 36(1), 163-172.

Peralta Sánchez, F. J., & Sánchez Roda, M. (2003). Relationships between self-concept and academic achievement in primary students.

Ramzan, M., Javaid, Z. K., & Ali, A. A. (2023). Perception of students about collaborative strategies employed by teachers for enhancing English vocabulary and learning motivation. Pakistan Journal of Law, Analysis and Wisdom, 2(02), 146-158.

Ramzan, M., Javaid, Z. K., & Khan, M. A. (2023). Psychological discursiveness in language use of Imran Khan’s speech on national issues. Global Language Review, VIII (II), 214-225.

Rimawi, O., & Banat, B. (2014). The impact of emotional intelligence on academic achievement of Al-Quds University students.

Sánchez-Cabrero, R., Arigita-García, A., Gil-Pareja, D., Sánchez-Rico, A., Martínez-López, F., & Sierra-Macarrón, L. (2022). Measuring the relation between academic performance and emotional intelligence at the university level after the COVID-19 pandemic using TMMS-24. Sustainability, 14(6), 3142

Sandovici, A. (2017). The relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement in adolescents. Romanian Journal of School Psychology, 10(19), 35-50.

Saul Mcleod, (2023). Self-Concept In Psychology: Definition & Examples

Sayvaya, I., & Phommason, S. (2023). Discussion on Rainy Season Access and Poverty Alleviation in Laos. Journal of Business and Economic Options, 6(4), 1-6.

Snilstveit, B., Oliver, S., & Vojtkova, M. (2012). Narrative approaches to systematic review and synthesis of evidence for international development policy and practice. Journal of development effectiveness, 4(3), 409-429.

Sultana, A. & Islam, N. (2024), "Self-concept as related to emotional intelligence: a study of tribal and non-tribal students", Mental Health and Social Inclusion, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.

Suriá-Martínez R, Ortigosa Quiles J.M., Riquelme Marin A.(2019). Emotional Intelligence Profiles of University Students with Motor Disabilities: Differential Analysis of Self-Concept Dimensions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 16(21):4073.

Tamannaifar, M. R., Sedighi, A. F., & Salami, M. F. (2010). Correlation between emotional intelligence, self-concept with academic achievement.

TISS, B. R. (2015). Recent Trends in Education and its Relation with Self-concept Emotional Intelligence and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students. Indian Journal of Psychological Science, 5(2), 25-29.

Ubago-Jimenez, J. L., Zurita-Ortega, F., Ortega-Martin, J. L., & Melguizo-Ibañez, E. (2024). Impact of emotional intelligence and academic self-concept on the academic performance of educational sciences undergraduates. Heliyon, 10(8), e29476.

Ubago-Jiménez, J.L., Corral-Robles, S., Ortega-Martín, J. L., & Melguizo-Ibáñez, E. (2023). The interplay between academic performance, emotional intelligence, and self-concept as predictors of violent behavior in higher education: a multi-group structural equation modeling. Frontiers in Psychology. 14, 1124712.

Ustaoglu, M., & Yildiz, B. (2023). Balancing Tradition and Modernity in Turkey's Islamic Finance Landscape. Journal of Business and Economic Options, 6(4), 12-18.

Van Dyke, C. J., & Elias, M. J. (2008). How Expressions of Forgiveness, Purpose, and Religiosity Relate to Emotional Intelligence and Self‐Concept in Urban Fifth‐Grade Students. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 78(4), 481-493.

Xiong, L. (2024). Driving Growth for SMEs in Laos’ Commercial Sector Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of Business and Economic Options, 7(1), 10-18.

Yahaya, A., Bachok, N. S. E., Yahaya, N., Boon, Y., Hashim, S., & Goh, M. L. (2012). The impact of emotional intelligence element on academic achievement. Archives of Descriptive Sciences, 65(4), 2-17.

Yüksel, M., & Geban, Ö. (2014). The relationship between emotional intelligence levels and academic achievement. International online journal of educational sciences, 6(1).







How to Cite

Javaid, Z. K. ., Mubashar, M. ., Mahmood, K. ., Noor, A. ., Javed, N. ., Akhtar, K. ., & Ali, A. L. . (2024). Effect of Emotional Intelligence and Self-concept on Academic Performance: A Systematic Review of Cross-Cultural Research. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 13(2), 189-199. https://doi.org/10.61506/01.00315

Similar Articles

1-10 of 219

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)