Determinants of Rural-Urban Migration: A Case Study of Pakistan
This article highlights the determinants of rural-urban migration in the case of Pakistan. For this purpose, data from 1981 to 2015 has been used. For checking the stationarity of the data, Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) unit root test is applied. Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model has been used for examining the co-integration among the variables of the model. The results of the study reveal that economic growth has a positive and insignificant impact on migration in the case of Pakistan. Population growth has positive and significant impact on migration in the case of Pakistan after the selected time period. The level of unemployment has negative and significant impact on migration in Pakistan. The inflation rate has negative and significant impact on migration in Pakistan.
Submission of work requires that the piece to be reviewed has not been previously published. Upon acceptance, the Author assigns to the Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE) the right to publish and distribute the manuscript in part or in its entirety. The Author's name will always be included with the publication of the manuscript.
The Author has the following nonexclusive rights: (1) to use the manuscript in the Author's teaching activities; (2) to publish the manuscript, or permit its publication, as part of any book the Author may write; (3) to include the manuscript in the Author's own personal or departmental (but not institutional) database or on-line site; and (4) to license reprints of the manuscript to third persons for educational photocopying. The Author also agrees to properly credit the Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE) as the original place of publication.
The Author hereby grants the Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE) full and exclusive rights to the manuscript, all revisions, and the full copyright. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE) rights include but are not limited to the following:
(1) to reproduce, publish, sell, and distribute copies of the manuscript, selections of the manuscript, and translations and other derivative works based upon the manuscript, in print, audio-visual, electronic, or by any and all media now or hereafter known or devised; (2) to license reprints of the manuscript to third persons for educational photocopying; (3) to license others to create abstracts of the manuscript and to index the manuscript; (4) to license secondary publishers to reproduce the manuscript in print, microform, or any computer-readable form, including electronic on-line databases; and (5) to license the manuscript for document delivery. These exclusive rights run the full term of the copyright, and all renewals and extensions thereof.