Antecedents of Staff Attrition

Authors

  • Aimon Iqbal Lecturer Human Resource Management, College of Management and Sciences Karachi, Pakistan Author
  • Nousheen Munawar Lecturer Human Resource Management and Finance, College of Management and Sciences, University of Karachi , Karachi, Pakistan Author
  • Sumera Mehmood Lecturer Accounting and Finance, Iqra University, Karachi, Pakistan Author
  • Nousheen Fatima Lecturer Finance, Khadim Ali Shah Bukhari Institute of Technology (KASBIT), Karachi, Pakistan Author
  • Imran Ali Research Scholar, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.61506/01.00243

Keywords:

Alternate Job with Higher Pay, Organizational Politics, Turnover, Pakistan

Abstract

Addressing turnover has consistently remained a pivotal concern across industries. Mitigating turnover can empower organizations to retain their crucial personnel, consequently fostering heightened productivity and potentially bolstered profitability. This study delves into the correlation between employees' perception of organizational politics and the lure of alternative job offers featuring better compensation as drivers of turnover among Bank Alfalah (Karachi) personnel. Employing a cross-sectional approach with deductive reasoning, this study collected responses through survey questionnaires from Bank Alfalah employees. The outcomes unveiled a noteworthy positive association between turnover and both perceived organizational politics and the appeal of higher-paying alternative job opportunities. Additionally, the study unearthed that office politics plays a more robust role in translating turnover intentions into decisions. These findings bear significant implications not only for the banking sector but also for theoretical advancements in research centered around organizational politics and the allure of enhanced compensation through alternative employment avenues.

References

Abbas, M., Raja, U., Darr, W., & Bouckenooghe, D. (2014). Combined Effects of Perceived Politics and Psychological Capital on Job Satisfaction, Turnover Intentions, and Performance. Journal of Management, 40(7), 1813–1830.

Abbasi, Dr. sami M., & Hollman, Dr. K. W. (2000). Turnover: The Real Bottom Line.

Arnold, H. J., & Feldman, D. C. (1982). A multivariate analysis of the determinants of job turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67(3), 350–360.

Bashir, F., & Rashid, B. (2017). Exploring the Impact of Foreign Direct Investment, Consumption, Inflation, and Unemployment on GDP per Capita. Journal of Policy Options, 4(1), 8-15.

Bloom, M., & Michel, J. G. (2002). The Relationships Among Organizational Context, Pay Dispersion, and Among Managerial Turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 45(1), 33–42.

Bryman, A., & Bell, E. (2015). Business Research Methods (4 edition). Oxford University Press.

Burns, T. (1961). Micropolitics: Mechanisms of Institutional Change. Administrative Science Quarterly, 6(3), 257–281.

Chhetri, P., Afshan, N., & Chatterjee, S. (2016). The Impact of Perceived Organizational Politics on Work Attitudes: The Moderating Role of Leader-Member-Exchange Quality. Politics and Social Activism: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, 1229–1242.

Choudhury, R. R., & Gupta, V. (2011). Impact of Age on Pay Satisfaction and Job Satisfaction Leading to Turnover Intention: A Study of Young Working Professionals in India. Management and Labour Studies, 36(4), 353–363.

Cotton, J. L., & Tuttle, J. M. (1986). Employee Turnover: A Meta-Analysis and Review with Implications for Research. Academy of Management Review, 11(1), 55–70.

Cropanzano, R., Howes, J. C., Grandey, A. A., & Toth, P. (1997). The relationship of organizational politics and support to work behaviors, attitudes, and stress. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18(2), 159–180.

Daskin, M., & Tezer, M. (2012). Organizational politics and turnover: An empirical research from hospitality industry. Turizam : Međunarodni Znanstveno-Stručni Časopis, 60(3), 273–291.

De Winne, S., Marescaux, E., Sels, L., Van Beveren, I., & Vanormelingen, S. (2015). Employee turnover (volatility) and labor productivity. WSE, 8, 34.

DeConinck, J. B., & Stilwell, C. D. (2004). Incorporating organizational justice, role states, pay satisfaction and supervisor satisfaction in a model of turnover intentions. Journal of Business Research, 57(3), 225–231.

Falk, J., & Karamcheva, N. (2018). Comparing the Effects of Current Pay and Defined Benefit Pensions on Employee Retention: Working Paper 2018-06 (54056; Working Papers). Congressional Budget Office.

Ferris, G., & Kacmar, K. (1992). Perceptions of Organizational Politics. Journal of Management - J MANAGE, 18, 93–116.

Gandz, J., & Murray, V. V. (1980). The Experience of Workplace Politics. Academy of Management Journal, 23(2), 237–251.

Haque, A., Fernando, M., & Caputi, P. (2017). The Relationship Between Responsible Leadership and Organisational Commitment and the Mediating Effect of Employee Turnover Intentions: An Empirical Study with Australian Employees. Journal of Business Ethics, 1–16.

Hasan, T., & Sadat, A. (2023). Dynamics of Job Satisfaction in Bangladesh's Banking Sector Implications for Employee Engagement and Organizational Success. Journal of Business and Economic Options, 10(4), 33-39.

Henry Mintzberg: Power In and Around Organizations 1983, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. 700 pages. (1984). Organization Studies, 5(4), 377–378.

Hochwarter, W. A., Perrewé, P. L., Ferris, G. R., & Guercio, R. (1999). Commitment as an Antidote to the Tension and Turnover Consequences of Organizational Politics. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 55(3), 277–297.

Ismail, K., & Ali, B. (2017). Understanding the Nexus of Job Satisfaction, Job-Related Stress, and Employee Performance: A Study in the Nursing Sector of Lahore, Pakistan. Journal of Policy Options, 4(4), 104-112.

Kacmar, K. M., & Carlson, D. S. (1997). Further Validation of the Perceptions of Politics Scale (Pops): A Multiple Sample Investigation -. Journal of Management, 23(5), 627–658.

Kacmar, K. M., Andrews, M. C., Harris, K. J., & Tepper, B. J. (2013). Ethical Leadership and Subordinate Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Organizational Politics and the Moderating Role of Political Skill. Journal of Business Ethics, 115(1), 33–44.

Kafeel, N., & Alvi, A. K. (2015). What Play Significant Role in Increasing Turnover Intention: Job Hopping or Perceived Organizational Politics? Sci. Int., 27(5). https://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=2937182

Khalid, J., & Ahmed, J. (2016). Perceived organizational politics and employee silence: Supervisor trust as a moderator. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 21(2), 174–195.

Kiewitz, C., Hochwarter, W. A., Ferris, G. R., & Castro, S. L. (2002). The Role of Psychological Climate in Neutralizing the Effects of Organizational Politics on Work Outcomes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32(6), 1189–1207.

Kim, J.-K., & Fu, Y. (2015). The Effect of Perceptions of Organizational Politics on Turnover Intention and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Chinese Convergency Companies. Journal of Digital Convergence, 13(8), 177–189.

Labrague, L. J., McEnroe‐Petitte, D. M., Gloe, D., Tsaras, K., Arteche, D. L., & Maldia, F. (2017). Organizational politics, nurses’ stress, burnout levels, turnover intention and job satisfaction. International Nursing Review, 64(1), 109–116.

Lum, L., Kervin, J., Clark, K., Reid, F., & Sirola, W. (1998). Explaining nursing turnover intent: Job satisfaction, pay satisfaction, or organizational commitment? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19(3), 305–320.

Mobley, W. H. (1982). Some Unanswered Questions in Turnover and Withdrawal Research. Academy of Management Review, 7(1), 111–116.

Mobley, W. H., Griffeth, R. W., Hand, H. H., & Meglino, B. M. (1979). Review and conceptual analysis of the employee turnover process. Psychological Bulletin, 86(3), 493–522.

Moon, K., Bergemann, P., Brown, D., Chen, A., Chu, J., Eisen, E., Fischer, G., Loyalka, P. K., Rho, S., & Cohen, J. (2018). Manufacturing Productivity with Worker Turnover (SSRN Scholarly Paper ID 3248075). Social Science Research Network.

Mukherjee, A., Varma, A., Malhotra, N., & Budhwar, P. S. (2009). Insights into the Indian call centre industry: Can internal marketing help tackle high employee turnover? Journal of Services Marketing, 23(5), 351–362.

Naseer, S., Raja, U., Syed, F., Donia, M. B. L., & Darr, W. (2016). Perils of being close to a bad leader in a bad environment: Exploring the combined effects of despotic leadership, leader member exchange, and perceived organizational politics on behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly, 27(1), 14–33.

Parast, M. M., & Fini, E. (Ellie) H. (2010). The effect of productivity and quality on profitability in US airline industry: An empirical investigation. Managing Service Quality: An International Journal, 20(5), 458–474.

Phillips, J. J., & Connell, A. O. (2004). Managing Employee Retention. Taylor & Francis. Pless, N. M., & Maak, T. (2011). Responsible Leadership: Pathways to the Future. Journal of Business Ethics, 98(S1), 3–13.

Poon, J. M. L. (2003). Situational antecedents and outcomes of organizational politics perceptions. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 18(2), 138–155.

Raza, S., Azeem, M., Humayon, A., & Ansari, N. U. A. (2017). The Impact of Pay Satisfaction, Job Stress, And Abusive Supervision on Turnover Intention Among Banking Employees. Sarhad Journal of Management Sciences, 3, 272–284.

Robert D. Bretz Jr, John W. Boudreau, S., & Timothy A. Judge, T. (1997). Job Search Behavior of Employed Managers. Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies.

Ruth, M. (2018). Employee Turnover Definitions & Calculations.

Sarkar, J. (2018). EBSCOhost | 127994297 | Linking Compensation and Turnover: Retrospection and Future Directions.

Shafiq, M., Khan, N. U., Bhatti, M., & Khan, F. (2014). Organizational justice mitigates adverse effects of perceived organizational politics on employee’s turnover intentions. Journal of Management Info, 1(3), 122–142.

Tekleab, A. G., Bartol, K. M., & Liu, W. (2005). Is it pay levels or pay raises that matter to fairness and turnover? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(8), 899–921.

Thornton, L. M., Esper, T. L., & Autry, C. W. (2016). Leader or Lobbyist? How Organizational Politics and Top Supply Chain Manager Political Skill Impacts Supply Chain Orientation and Internal Integration. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 52(4), 42–62.

Vandenberghe, C., & Tremblay, M. (2008). The Role of Pay Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Turnover Intentions: A Two-Sample Study. Journal of Business and Psychology, 22(3), 275–286.

Walton, J. (2018). Exploring Reasons for Employee Turnover: A Case Study of the Retail Industry in Atlanta, Georgia - ProQuest. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.

Wayne A. Hochwarter, Kiewitz, C., Castro, S., Perrewè, P. L., & Ferris, G. R. (2003). Positive Affectivity and Collective Efficacy as Moderators of the Relationship Between Perceived Politics and Job Satisfaction. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33(5).

Downloads

Published

2024-03-25

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Iqbal, A. ., Munawar, N. ., Mehmood, S. ., Fatima, N. ., & Ali, I. . (2024). Antecedents of Staff Attrition. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 13(1). https://doi.org/10.61506/01.00243

Similar Articles

1-10 of 572

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >>