Changing Dynamics of Foreign Policy in the Emerging Multipolar World – An Objective Study of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy

Authors

  • Muhammad Salman MPhil Scholar at Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan Author
  • Shahid Jan Afridi Phd Political Science Scholar at Department of Humanities and Social Sciences РEOPLES’ FRIENDSHIP UNIVERSITY OF RUSSIA NAMED AFTER PATRICE LUMUMBA, RUDN University, Pakistan Author
  • Syed Shamsuddin Assistant professor, Department of Political Science, Government Boys Degree College, Chaman, Pakistan Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.61506/01.00339

Keywords:

economic diplomacy, security cooperation, strategic alliances, multipolarity, foreign policy, Pakistan

Abstract

Within the ever-changing context of modern international relations, Pakistan's foreign policy manoeuvres take place in the middle of a multipolar global order. This paper explores the subtleties of Pakistan's strategic adjustments, looking at how changing world power dynamics influence its diplomacy. With a focus on the relationship between regional stability, global influence, and national sovereignty, Pakistan manages a wide range of alliances and relationships. Pakistan's foreign policy history exhibits both continuity and adaptability, ranging from historical alliances with the United States during the Cold War to strategic diversifications including China, Russia, and other regional organizations. This paper provides a thorough examination of Pakistan's diplomatic methods, emphasizing their diversity and the need of diplomatic adaptability in handling international issues. Pakistan's foreign policy becomes an important factor in determining regional dynamics and global stability as it asserts its geopolitical relevance through projects like the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and participation in multilateral forums like the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). With the goal of shedding light on Pakistan's changing place in the multipolar international order, this article attempts to explain the strategic thinking that goes into the country's foreign policy choices.

References

Ahmed, R. (2024). Exploring New Frontiers: Pakistan’s Diplomatic Engagements in Africa. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies.

Ahmed, R., & Malik, S. (2024). Pakistan’s Strategic Shift in the Multipolar World: Opportunities and Challenges. Journal of South Asian Studies, 15(2), 112-130.

Ahmed, S. (2021). Pakistan's Foreign Policy: A Strategic Approach. International Affairs Review, 34(2), 45-67.

Ahmed, S. (2022). Pakistan’s foreign policy: A balancing act in a multipolar world. Journal of International Relations, 14(3), 45-60.

Ahmed, S., & Haider, M. (2023). Pakistan's evolving foreign policy: Challenges and opportunities in a multipolar world. Journal of International Relations, 45(2), 211-230.

Ahmed, Z., & Hussain, F. (2021). Pakistan’s Role in Regional Integration through Economic Diplomacy. Islamabad Policy Research Institute.

Ali, F. (2020). Economic Integration in South Asia: The Role of CPEC. Journal of Economic Diplomacy, 12(4), 221-240.

Ali, S. (2022). The Geopolitical Implications of CPEC: A Comprehensive Analysis. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Bhatty, M. A. (2020). Economic Diplomacy in South Asia: Challenges and Prospects. South Asian Studies, 35(1), 1-20.

Brown, A. (2019). Burstiness in international relations: A theoretical framework. International Studies Quarterly, 63(4), 789-802.

Buzan, B., & Lawson, G. (2023). The Global Transformation: History, Modernity, and the Making of International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gupta, R. (2022). Strategic partnerships in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Implications for regional security. Journal of Asian Security and International Affairs, 9(2), 215-230.

Hussain, A. (2023). Geopolitical Challenges in South Asia: A Case Study of Pakistan. Journal of Global Politics, 18(3), 112-135.

Hussain, M. (2023). Historical perspectives on Pakistan’s strategic dilemmas. Strategic Studies Review, 29(2), 105-120.

Iqbal, M. (2023). The Role of Pakistan in Regional Diplomacy: Bridging the Gap. International Journal of Diplomacy, 8(3), 45-67.

Jamal, H. (2024). Pakistan and the SCO: A Decade of Cooperation. Lahore: Vanguard Books.

Javaid, U. (2019). Pakistan-India Relations: A Study of the Kashmir Issue. Pakistan Journal of History and Culture, 40(2), 45-60.

Javed, A. (2023). Transnational Issues and the Future of Diplomacy. Global Governance Review, 14(1), 78-92.

Jentleson, B. W. (2021). American foreign policy: The dynamics of choice in the 21st century (7th ed.). W.W. Norton & Company.

Jones, M., & Lee, S. (2020). Multipolarity and global governance: Rethinking power in global politics. International Affairs, 96(1), 45-62.

Khan, A. (2022). Regional dynamics and Pakistan's foreign policy choices. South Asian Studies, 18(1), 25-40.

Khan, A. (2023). Strategic recalibration: Pakistan's foreign policy in the era of multipolarity. Pakistan Strategic Studies, 18(1), 45-62.

Khan, M. (2023). Strategic Partnerships in a Changing World: A Pakistani Perspective. Lahore: Progressive Publishers.

Khan, M. A. (2022). The Evolution of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: A Historical Perspective. Diplomatic Studies Quarterly, 27(1), 89-104.

Khan, M. A., & Ahmed, R. (2021). Revisiting Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: Strategic Alignments in the Multipolar World. Journal of Strategic Studies, 28(3), 235-250.

Khan, S. (2021). Pakistan’s foreign policy in the 21st century: Challenges and opportunities. Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 44(3), 401-415.

Khan, T. (2023). Afghanistan and Pakistan: Diplomatic Engagements and Challenges. South Asian Policy Review, 11(4), 201-214.

Khanna, P. (2023). The New Geopolitics: Multipolarity in Action. Foreign Affairs, 102(3), 34-47.

Li, C. (2020). The rise of multipolarity and its implications for global governance. International Affairs, 96(4), 917-934.

Malik, H. (2021). Pakistan's foreign policy: A balance between strategic autonomy and global partnerships. Journal of Diplomatic Studies, 30(3), 301-320.

Nadeem, Z. (2023). Counterterrorism Cooperation in South Asia: Pakistan’s Role. Security Studies Journal, 40(5), 789-806.

Nawaz, S. (2023). Nuclear policy and security concerns: The case of Pakistan. Asian Security Journal, 12(2), 87-98.

Rafiq, A. (2020). Pakistan’s Economic Diplomacy in the Context of the Belt and Road Initiative. Asian Journal of Political Science, 18(2), 155-172.

Rahman, F. (2024). Global Challenges and Multilateralism: Pakistan's Role in the 21st Century. Islamabad: Quaid-i-Azam University Press.

Rizvi, A., & Siddiqui, M. (2022). Economic imperatives and Pakistan's foreign policy: A strategic perspective. South Asian Journal of Global Studies, 15(2), 123-140.

Rizvi, H. (2021). The Cold War and Pakistan's alignment with the West. International Political Review, 10(4), 223-239.

Rizvi, H. (2024). Balancing Act: Pakistan’s Foreign Policy in a Multipolar World. Asian Strategic Review, 20(1), 89-102.

Rizvi, H. A. (2022). CPEC and Pakistan’s Economic Growth: A Strategic Analysis. Journal of Contemporary Studies, 11(1), 88-102.

Sattar, A. (2023). Pakistan and the United States: A complicated relationship. Foreign Policy Analysis, 15(1), 67-82.

Siddiqui, A. (2023). Balancing Act: Pakistan’s Foreign Policy in the Middle East. Islamabad: National Defence University.

Smith, J. (2021). Security imperatives in a multipolar world: Case studies from South Asia. Security Studies, 30(2), 256-271.

Smith, J. (2022). Shifting Power Dynamics: Understanding Multipolarity. International Affairs Journal, 19(4), 301-319.

Smith, J. (2023). Multipolarity and global power shifts: Implications for developing countries. Global Politics Review, 25(1), 87-104.

Smith, J. R. (2023). Multipolarity and Global Governance: Implications for Security. Foreign Policy Analysis, 41(4), 567-589.

Smith, J., & Patel, R. (2023). Counterterrorism cooperation and regional stability: Insights from South Asia. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 67(5), 890-907.

Wolf, S. O. (2019). The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor of the Belt and Road Initiative: Concept, Context and Assessment. Springer.

Zaidi, R. (2023). From alignment to autonomy: Pakistan’s foreign policy shifts. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 22(2), 110-125.

Downloads

Published

2024-06-01

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Salman, M. ., Afridi, S. J. ., & Shamsuddin, S. . (2024). Changing Dynamics of Foreign Policy in the Emerging Multipolar World – An Objective Study of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 13(2), 362-367. https://doi.org/10.61506/01.00339

Similar Articles

1-10 of 667

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)