• MARIA SAFDAR Department of Economics, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal, Pakistan Author
  • MUHAMMAD ZAHID NAEEM Department of Economics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan Author


Health Sector, Human Capital Outflow, Pakistan


This paper reviews the impact of economics conditions on human capital outflow using the item series data over the period of 1981-2015. There has been much deliberation about many problems of migration of physician’s foam developing to developed countries and presence of unemployment resulting from minimum wage. For this purpose, we applied the integration test innovation accounting approach to serve an effective relationship between variables human capital flow is increased due to poor economic conditions. Due to decrease in value in local currency from Pakistan to rest of the world an increase and uniquely distribution of income is also a major factor. Recent study is a good effort and this may provide the new way to policy makers for solving the problem of the human capital outflow and handle the sorrow economic conditions In Pakistan. Pakistan health care system is facing the various issues like resource scarcity gender insensitivity and efficiency and lack of functional specificity and accessibly for checking the stationary of variables unit root test is used. Autoregressive distributed lag approach is used for counteraction among the variables of the model then the estimated results on economic group show that decentralized economic affair expenditures have the negative effects show the significant impact over the selected time period. The results show that this decentralization effect on the economic growth is harmful for economic affairs expenditure. This is showing that, by the basis of empirical process, in the case of Pakistan the decentralized of economic affairs expenditure is baleful. So, that it’s better for the Pakistan to try & use the centralized of economic affairs expenditure for the enthusiastic economic growth.







How to Cite

SAFDAR, M. ., & NAEEM, M. Z. . (2020). OUTFLOW OF HUMAN CAPITAL AND HEALTH SECTOR IN PAKISTAN. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 9(3), 113-122. https://bbejournal.com/BBE/article/view/121

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