Economic Transformations in British Colonial Punjab and the Feudal Identity of District Jhang


  • Shabana Yasin Associate Professor of History, Govt. Graduate College for Women Baghbanpura Lahore, Ph.D Scholar Lahore College For Women University Lahore, Pakistan Author
  • Mamoona Kanval Lecturer Pakistan studies Minhaj University Lahore, Pakistan Author
  • Dr. Farzanada Aslam Assistant Professor of History, Lahore College For Women University Lahore, Pakistan Author



British India, Colonial Punjab, Canal Colonies, Agricultural Reforms, Feudalism, Jhang


Jhang a historic city of Punjab is situated at the junction of two rivers Jehlum and Chenab. Its fertile lands have always been a big source of prosperity. During British rule, colonial authorities in Punjab made many reforms in this region. They not only reformed the agriculture sector but also improved infrastructure. Construction of a road network, railway line, postal and telegraph system as well as supply of electricity had positive impacts on the social and economic life of Jhang. Although all these developments were made for colonial interests ultimately these benefitted the peoples of Jhang. Among British reforms, the most important were agricultural reforms. These reforms had a deep impact on the future and socio-economic and political setup of Jhang. After agricultural reforms and establishing canal colonies, Jhang was neglected in terms of establishing agro-based and other industrial units and new agricultural research and science and technology institutions. As a result, the Jhang was denied the chances for advancement and growth that could have driven and propelled it to become a more prosperous and progressed region. Here the question arises of whether the actual purpose of agricultural reforms in district Jhang was only to create certain classes to protect colonial interests and reward them for their loyalties? Did the British Colonial agrarian reforms lay the foundation for the Feudal system in Jhang? 


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How to Cite

Yasin, S. ., Kanval, M. ., & Aslam, F. . (2024). Economic Transformations in British Colonial Punjab and the Feudal Identity of District Jhang. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 13(1).

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