Geopolitics of the Central America and USA: An Economic Perspective


  • Dr. Noraiz Arshad Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan Author
  • Saira Akram Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan Author
  • Dr. Muqarrab Akbar Department of Political Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan Author
  • Muhammad Aqeel Visiting Lecturer (English), Department of Political Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan Author



United State, Central America, Latin America, Geopolitics, Economy


The geopolitics of the United States and Central America have been intricately linked for centuries, driven by historical, economic, and strategic factors. Central America, consisting of seven countries, has long been considered the United States' "backyard," with the U.S. exerting substantial influence in the region. Historically, this influence has often been characterized by interventions, both overt and covert, in the internal affairs of Central American nations, which has left a legacy of political instability and regional tensions. Economically, Central America is a vital trade partner for the United States. The region's geographic proximity has made it a valuable destination for U.S. exports and a source of agricultural products and manufactured goods. Trade agreements like CAFTA-DR have further solidified this economic relationship, benefiting both sides. However, the region also faces challenges such as income inequality, poverty, and crime, which can have a direct impact on the United States, particularly concerning immigration and security concerns. While the cultures of the Central America and America, in many cases are diametric in relation to each other, the geographical proximity of the two has forged a relationship that can best be described in terms of hegemonic strategy. More importantly, for policymakers and scholars, to understand and to influence the future liaison between the US and Central America, they must reach across time and space into the past to learn the lessons of previous events. This study examines the US in Central America in the 20thcentury to determine possible future U.S. actions in the region.


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How to Cite

Arshad, N. ., Akram, S., Akbar, M. ., & Aqeel, M. . (2023). Geopolitics of the Central America and USA: An Economic Perspective. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 12(3), 340-347.

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