• MUHAMMAD BILAL AHMAD BS English, Department of Humanities, COMSATS University Islamabad – Vehari Campus Author
  • NAVID JAMIL MALIK Professor, Department of Education, University of Sialkot, Sialkot Author
  • MUHAMMAD ASGHAR JAVED AL-AZHARI Visiting Faculty, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal Author


Motivation, English learning,, Secondary schools


The motivational variables for learning English among English language learners were investigated in this study. The study's intended audience consisted of all English learners at the secondary school level in Pakistan. The researchers employed a technique known as purposive sampling to choose the samples for their study. We used the English Learning Motivation Scale (ELMS) questionnaire adapted from Li, Chuang, and Fu (2006) to collect information. The study's sample consisted of 300 English learners from secondary schools in Sialkot and Vehari, with the majority of the participants being female. In order to acquire results in terms of mean score and standard deviation, the data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. The study concluded that the English learners hope to make more friends due to their English proficiency; furthermore, it was also concluded that English learners are motivated to study the language because they believe English is the language of powerful nations and successful people. The majority of students believe that communicating well in English is a sign of intellect in those who speak it. The study discovered that English learners in Pakistan were highly motivated toward learning English.


Ali, A. (2015). The impact of macroeconomic instability on social progress: an empirical analysis of Pakistan. (Doctoral dissertation, National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore).

Ali, A. (2018). Issue of Income Inequality Under the Perceptive of Macroeconomic Instability: An Empirical Analysis of Pakistan. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, 56(1), 121-155.

Ali, A. and Bibi, C. (2017). Determinants of Social Progress and its Scenarios under the role of Macroeconomic Instability: Empirics from Pakistan. Pakistan Economic and Social Review 55 (2), 505-540.

Ali, A., & Ahmad, K. (2014). The Impact of Socio-Economic Factors on Life Expectancy in Sultanate of Oman: An Empirical Analysis. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 22(2), 218-224.

Ali, A., & Audi, M. (2016). The Impact of Income Inequality, Environmental Degradation and Globalization on Life Expectancy in Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis. International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research, 4 (4), 182-193.

Ali, A., & Audi, M. (2018). Macroeconomic Environment and Taxes Revenues in Pakistan: An Application of ARDL Approach. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 7(1), 30-39.

Ali, A., & Rehman, H. U. (2015). Macroeconomic instability and its impact on the gross domestic product: an empirical analysis of Pakistan. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, 285-316.

Ali, A., & Şenturk, I. (2019). Justifying the Impact of Economic Deprivation, Maternal Status and Health infrastructure on Under-Five Child Mortality in Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis. Bulletin of Business and Economics, 8(3), 140-154.

Ali, A., & Zulfiqar, K. (2018). An Assessment of Association between Natural Resources Agglomeration and Unemployment in Pakistan. Pakistan Vision, 19(1), 110-126.

Ali, A., Ahmed, F., & Rahman, F. U. (2016). Impact of Government Borrowing on Financial Development (A case study of Pakistan). Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 5(3), 135-143.

Ali, A., Audi, M., & Roussel, Y. (2021). Natural Resources Depletion, Renewable Energy Consumption and Environmental Degradation: A Comparative Analysis of Developed and Developing World. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 11(3), 251-260.

Ali, A., Audi, M., Bibi, C., & Roussel, Y. (2021). The Impact of Gender Inequality and Environmental Degradation on Human Well-being in the Case of Pakistan: A Time Series Analysis. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 11(2), 92-99.

Ali, A., Mujahid, N., Rashid, Y., & Shahbaz, M. (2015). Human capital outflow and economic misery: Fresh evidence for Pakistan. Social Indicators Research, 124(3), 747-764.

Arshad, S., & Ali, A. (2016). Trade-off between Inflation, Interest and Unemployment Rate of Pakistan: Revisited. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 5(4), 193-209.

Ashraf, I., & Ali, A. (2018). Socio-Economic Well-Being and Women Status in Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 7(2), 46-58.

Audi, M & Ali, A. (2017). Socio-Economic Status and Life Expectancy in Lebanon: An Empirical Analysis. Archives of Business Research, 5(11), 159-170.

Clement, R., Noels, K. A., & MacIntyre, P. D. (2007). Three variations on the social psychology of bilinguality. In A. Weatherall, B. M. Watson & C. Gallois (Eds.), Language, discourse and social psychology (p.52). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Dornyei, Z. (2003). Attitudes, orientations, and motivations in language learning: Advances in theory, research and application. Language Learning, 53(1), 3-32.

Gardener, R. C. (2010). Motivation and second language acquisition: The socio- educational model. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.

Gardener, R. C., Lambert, W. E. (1972). Attitudes and motivation in second language learning. Rowley: Newbury House

Hartas, D. (2010). Educational research inquiry: Qualitative and quantitative approaches 2nd edition. New York. Continuum International Publishing Group.

Hussain, M. S., Salam, A., & Farid, A. (2020). Students' motivation in English language learning (ELL): An exploratory study of motivation-al factors for EFL and ESL adult learners. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 9(4), 15-28.

Kline, M. W. (2006). The relationship between motivational variables, anxiety, exposure to English, and language learning strategies among adult ESL learners. Ann Arbor.

Li, C. L., Chuang, H. Y., Fu, M. F. (2006). The study of developing English learning motivation scale for elementary school students in Taiwan. Journal of Kaohsiung Applied Institute of Technology, 3, 1-33.

Mawoli, M. A., Babandako, A. Y. (2011). An evaluation of staff motivation, dissatisfaction and job performance in an academic setting. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, Vol. 1(9), pp.1-13.

Moratinos-Johnston, S., Ballester Brage, L., Juan-Garau, M., & Salazar-Noguera, J. (2019). Attitudes and motivation in English language learning amongst multilingual university students in the Balearic Islands: the effect of the L1 and other influential variables. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 40(6), 475-490.

Pan, G., Zang, Y., & Wu, D. (2010). A survey on English learning motivation of students in Qingdao Agricultural University. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 1(2), pp. 151-156.

Sajid, A. & Ali, A. (2018). Inclusive Growth and Macroeconomic Situations in South Asia: An Empirical Analysis. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 7(3), 97-109.

Saleh, S. J., & Majeed, S. J. (2021). Motivation toward English Language Learning among Iraqi University Students. Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, 2(3), 46-56.

Senjahari, B., Desfitranita, D., & Kustati, M. (2021). Learning objectives and environments: How do they affect students’ motivation in English language learning? Studies in English Language and Education, 8(2), 492-507

Şentürk, İ., & Ali, A. (2021). Socioeconomic Determinants of Gender Specific Life Expectancy in Turkey: A Time Series Analysis. Sosyoekonomi, 29(49), 85-111.

Vaezi, Z. (2008). Language learning motivation among Iranian undergraduate students. World Applied Sciences Journal 5 (1), pp. 54-61.

Wong, M. (2012). Language anxiety, motivation to learn and pedagogical preferences: The case of Malaysian pre-service teachers of English. ELTED, 15, 65-73.







How to Cite

AHMAD, M. B. ., MALIK, N. J. ., & AL-AZHARI, M. A. J. . (2021). A STUDY ON MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS FOR ENGLISH LEARNING AMONG EFL LEARNERS AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL. Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), 10(3), 189-195. https://bbejournal.com/index.php/BBE/article/view/305

Similar Articles

1-10 of 91

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.